The schematic metro plans we’re used to today date back to British designer Harry Beck, who came up with a plan for the London Tube in 1931 which deliberately denounced geographical accuracy for improved readability. The difference is shown in the following morph by Benedikt Gross (make sure to check out his other projects as well!).
This and the missing visibility of the outside world when on an underground train leads to physical distortion and a misperception of space. How and to what extent can those maps influence our perception of a city? The center seems to grow while imformation gets compressed around the edges.
Till Nagel adds some additional layers of information to Shanghai’s metro system which perfectly illustrates the organic nature of the city.